Common conditions that can cause pain in the leg, knee and foot.

Shin splints

This is the common term for medial tibial stress syndrome. Pain is experienced along the shin. Shin splints can develop if a training routine is suddenly changed, running on hard surfaces or wearing inappropriate footwear. Running all uphill or downhill can also trigger the symptoms. Left untreated it is possible to develop periostitis and stress fractures.

Clinical massage and myofascial release are used to treat the muscles of the whole leg. It is recommend that you rest initially to alleviate symptoms and apply ice to the area to reduce the inflammation.

Runners knee

This is the common term for Patellofemoral Syndrome – patella is the knee cap, femur – is the thigh bone. Pain arises when the patellar cartilage and femoral cartilage come into contact causing irritation of the area. It can develop due to overloading or overuse of the knee joint or poor alignment of the knee cap. Running and jumping activities can attribute to this condition. Poor footwear and running on uneven surfaces can lead to poor alignment at the knee.

Clinical and sports massage and myofascial release will be used to treat the muscles of the leg above and below the knee joint. The IT band and knee cap will also be treated.  Ice can be used on the area between treatments and some exercises will be given to strengthen and balance the muscles that affect the knee alignment. Alternative low impact sports such as swimming and cycling are recommended to slow or stop the progression.

Plantar fasciitis

This is caused by repeated microscopic injury to the plantar fascia of  the foot. This condition is very painful after prolonged immobility – people say it is very painful when they first get up. It eases once the tissue has warmed up from moving around but will return following a rest from the activity.

Clinical and sports massage techniques are used to treat the muscles of lower leg and foot. The application of ice to reduce swelling and ease pain is recommended between sessions. Calf stretches also may help.